If you’ve ever wondered what the difference is between a floor-to-ceiling newel and a post-newel, you’ve come to the right place. This article will answer your questions on the structural integrity of newel posts, how to install them, how high they should be from the floor, and what an over-the-post newel is.
Are Newel Posts Structural?
Newel posts are often installed on floor level, and they can be either independent or integrated into the stringer of the stair. If not attached to the stringer, they can be carried to a footing in the ground and screwed into place. In outdoor stairs, they may be supported by angle brackets.
Newel posts are usually made of wood, and they can come in a variety of styles. Some are square, while others are rounded. Most are made from oak or walnut. They come with a decorative coating that emphasizes the grain and lines of the wood. Some are made from a solid block of wood, which makes them heavier. Others are hollow and have joint corners. No matter what type of newel you choose, make sure it is sturdy enough for the kind of staircase you have. If you’re using newel posts made of wood, you can use a hanger bolt with a steel insert. You can use an insert runner or an open-end wrench with two nuts to install the steel insert. Then, thread the hanger bolt into the post’s center hole. You can use two nuts as a temporary head bolt if the shaft is hollow.
If you’re building a staircase that connects two levels, you should consider incorporating a stair guard. A stair guard can prevent accidents. It protects the people who are using it. It is also a great way to add style to your home. Another type of post is the fence. This is made of a series of posts, with the first at the foot of the staircase and the second at the landing. The wall is made of balusters, and the handrail is attached to the newel post.
How Do You Anchor A Newel Post To The Floor?
There are several ways to anchor a floor-to-ceiling newel post. The most basic method involves installing a steel plate at the bottom of the seat and screwing it into the floor. Be sure to consider the location of electrical wiring and plumbing before mounting the newel. If the post is exposed, you should install small shims underneath it. Once the base is securely attached, you can add the newel top.
Another way to anchor a newel post is to use threaded rods. These threaded rods are secured into a steel plate lag-screwed into the floor. The newel post itself has a hollow section that the rod runs through. The cap is then tightened on the threaded rod. Some newels have a stepped cap detail shaped to resemble a box. Alternatively, you can use angle bracket newel post fasteners, which are easy to install on a flat floor. They are suitable for several reasons. First, you need to pre-drill holes in the floor surface. Then, install the angle bracket on both sides of the newel post. Be sure to back the newel post with floor backing to avoid electrical wiring issues.
Ensure Strong Supports
Ensure that the concrete used in the footing is strong enough to support the newel post. The minimum compression strength of four thousand psi is recommended. In addition, make sure to use a concrete mix with the correct water content. Then, ensure the anchor bolt rises at least 6 inches above the concrete.
Before assembling the newel post, you need to drill several holes in the newel post. Depending on the size of the newel post, the holes should be approximately six inches or fifteen centimeters in diameter. Then, use a Versa Tool to tighten the screw. Then, plug the hole with a tapered plug. You can also build mounting plates to install more oversized newels. However, be careful not to drill through the concrete outdoors, as it may lead to water leaks. Water leaks can result in frost cracking and even breakage of the concrete steps. Alternatively, you can use bolt-setting epoxies or sealants to ensure that water cannot penetrate through the newel posts.
How High Should The Newel Post Be From The Floor?
When putting up a newel, the height from the floor is an essential factor. Whether the newel is notched, it must be at least seven inches higher than the floor level. Commercial installations usually require a longer newel post, and residential ones typically have a height of 36 inches or less. In addition, the spacing between railings and balusters should be at least four inches apart. In older homes, the distances may be more significant. The newel post serves two essential functions – as a structural and a load-bearing element for the side of the staircase. Building codes control the height of the newel post. These regulations differ depending on the size of the handrail. For domestic properties, the size should be between 34 and 38 inches, while for commercial properties, the height should be between eight and hundred and twenty inches.
The height of the newel post is measured using a formula. If the newel has a turned or box top, the top block does not include the cap molding. If the newel does not sit directly on the shoe, the thickness of the shoe must also be taken into consideration. When installing a newel, leave enough space for a handrail to fit in. The bar can’t be installed correctly if the newel is too low. In addition, you must make sure that the newel post has the proper height to fit the handrail. The newel post is also an important supporting pillar for spiral staircases.
What Is Over The Post Newel?
An over-the-post newel is a stair part installed over top of a newel post. Its style is similar to that of a “pin-top” newel. Both types use handrail fittings to form a continuous handrail. The difference between an over-the-post newel and a box newel is that the over-the-post newel is rounded. This means that it is made of a flat metal material that is easier to work with. This type of newel is most commonly found in historic buildings.
There are two types of post-newel: the Standard Block and the Long Block. Both have their benefits and drawbacks. The Long Block is more suitable for stairways with intermediate landings than winder treads. It allows a greater distance between handrails of different heights. When selecting newel posts, it is essential to consider the design of the staircase. The post caps can be made from other types of wood. You can choose a pyramid cap if you want to make a statement with your newel. A flat cap will look best for a more traditional, ornate style. Wooden newels are available in a wide range of designs. Those that are shaped like a box are often called box newels. They are also available in custom sizes. They are crafted from several wood species and are unfinished. Wooden posts are popular because of the numerous designs and possibilities they offer.